Makalu Base Camp Trek, adventure around beautiful Arun and Barun valleys, to the foot of the world's 5th highest peaks. Mt. Makalu is located in Nepal Far East between Everest to the west with Mt. Kanchenjunga toward the northeast. An exciting walk with dramatic changes from low sub-tropical to cooler alpine hills, to end at the cold arctic zone. Filled with ice and glaciers at Makalu base camp at 5,250 m or 17, 7 24 feet high.
Located at the end of eastern Barun valley, renowned for rare species of herbs and plants. The Makalu region designated as Makalu-Barun National Park and Conservation covers an area of 2, 330 km. Situated within the Sankhuwa Sabha district that extends close to Sagarmatha National Park of Khumbu and the Everest region.
Mt. Makalu at 8, 463 m and 27, 766 feet, the first ascent on May 15th, 1955 by French Expedition. Since then the mountain is climbed quite frequently, although gets fewer trekkers than in other popular regions of Nepal Himalaya.
Makalu Base Camp Trek is a perfect adventure for trekkers who enjoy being in less frequented areas around Himalayan destinations. This region is considered off the beaten tracks, due to its remote and isolated location. Our 22-day for Makalu base camp trek begins from Kathmandu the capital of Nepal, steeped with ancient monuments.
The old landmarks are listed in world heritage sites, where one can enjoy the tour before departing for the trek. From Kathmandu, a sweeping short flight takes you to eastern Nepal at Tumlingtar, a moderate size town with an airport. On landing transfer for an exciting drive on local four-wheelers to reach mid-hill at Num village to start the trek.
After getting organized with final preparation, the adventure begins by heading down to Arun River and then climbing to Seduwa village. From here on a pleasant walk into a small patch of forest to Tashi Gaon, the last village on route Makalu base camp. The village is populated by Sherpa, the famous mountain tribes of the Eastern Himalayas interwoven with Buddhism religion, and interesting culture.
Trek from here enters into a dense forest of pines and rhododendron trees with some bamboo stalks. A steep climb reaches you at high Khoma Danda, a scenic ridge where you can enjoy views of Mt. Makalu. Includes Baruntse and Chamlang Himal with
Mt. Kanchenjunga towards the far-east direction, the walk continues contouring a ridgeline. Heading past Thulo and Sano Pokhari glacial ponds, then traversing over Shipton and Tutu-La to reach Barun valley. The beautiful Barun valley is well hidden by an array of snow peaks and great rocky walls of high cliffs.
The walk continues on a pleasant scenic path with a gradual up to Makalu base camp, within remorseless fields of ice and glaciers. At Makalu base camp, explore around undisturbed and least ventured hidden corners of Makalu, further, north-west leads to Sherpani Col.
Which is a high route to Hongu valley that leads towards the Everest region through Imjatse Valley. Makalu base camp offers rare views of Mt. Everest famously known as the Khangsung East Face of Everest. After enjoyable and exciting moments at Makalu base camp, return journey towards Barun valley and over Khoma-La pass. After Khoma-La on an easy gentle path back to Num, where drives on the hilly rough road take you to Tumlingtar. Where our fabulous adventurous walks complete a scenic flight to Kathmandu, after a remarkable adventure on the Makalu base camp trek.
Next, the best season is autumn from September to November, a clear and sunny day for pleasant walks and excellent views, but days are short with sunlight hours. Expect snow sometimes during the trek from Kongma Danda onwards to Makalu base camp.
The higher the altitude, the less oxygen will be in the air. For example, at an altitude above 5000m, there is 50% less oxygen than at sea level. Therefore, our body needs many days to adapt to an environment with less oxygen. During this trip, a separate day is set aside for acclimatization.
During the Makalu base camp trek, you will not eat any delicious food as it is one of the most remote parts of Nepal, plus the available places will cost you a fortune. Since there is no road in the trekking area, men and mules carry it. You can expect a lot of hard work. While sitting in the tea house, you can eat dal rice and do. Non-vegetarian items are rare and expensive. So it is better to eat vegetarian food. If you have cravings, you can take food with you.
When hiking in the lower part of the Makalu area, you will stay in teahouses and lodges as there are plenty of those areas. As you move forward, so does your height. In the upper parts of the Himalayas, you will not find any houses or lodges because people do not live in those parts. Those parts are snowy. While at base camp, and before crossing major passes, you will spend the night at camp. The porters will build the center and cook for you.
Also, it takes you to points above 3000 meters and keeps you in the Makalu area for about 14 to 22 days. The demand for hiking is not impossible. With the right gear and proper practice, you can reduce risk and make the journey a success. Trekkers of any type (new or professional) can complete the trek.
It is best to take it slowly to avoid high altitude sickness. The fitness level required for this walk. Generally, expect to walk an average of 5-6 hours per day during the test. Generally, this trek can be done with an average level of fitness. More important than fitness or experience is a person's personal perseverance and a positive attitude to complete and enjoy the trek.
Important Items: Airline tickets; Valid passport; 2 extra passport size photos; Photocopy of your passport; Insurance paper; Dollars, Pounds, or Euros in cash for purchasing a Nepalese visa at Kathmandu airport, for paying at restaurants and hotels, for gratuities, snacks and to purchase your own drinks and gifts; Credit Card (Visa/ Master Card) for withdrawing cash from cash machines if needs.
For Head: Sun Hat; Bandana or head scarf; Headlamp with extra batteries; Sun Glasses with UV protection.
For Upper Body: Shirts (1 half sleeve and 2 long sleeves); Lightweight thermal tops; Fleece Jacket or Wool Sweater; Wind Cheater jacket; Down Jacket
For Lower Body: 1 pair of lightweight thermal bottoms; 1 pair of fleece or woolen trousers; 1 pair of waterproof shell pants and 1 pair of hiking trousers.
For Hands: 1 pair of lightweight wool or fleece gloves and 1 pair of lightweight poly liner gloves.
For Feet: 2 pairs of thin inner socks; 2 pairs of poly or wool socks; 1 pair of Hiking boots (sturdy soles, water-resistant, ankle support); 1 pair of running shoes and/or sandals.
Other Useful Items: 1 sleeping bag (good to -22 degrees C or 30 degrees F); Rucksack and Travel Bags; 1 large duffel bag, A small daypack/backpack for carrying your valuables; Small padlocks for duffel- bags; 2 large waterproof rucksacks covers (optional).
Medical: Your daily taking medicine if any; small personal first aid kit; Aspirin, plasters (band-aids); Sunscreen; lip balms; Anti-diarrhea pills; Anti-headache pills; A cough and/or cold medicine; Anti-altitude sickness pills: Diamox or Acetazolamide; Stomach antibiotic: Ciprofloxacin.
Digital camera; 2 water bottles (1 liter each); disposable rubbish sacks; Toiletries: 1 medium-sized quick-drying towel; Toothbrush/paste; Multi-purpose soap; Deodorants; Nail clippers; Face and body moisturizer; Tissue /toilet roll; hiking poles, snack food (chocolate/ biscuits); umbrella; reading book or pack of cards (for leisure time during trekking).
Note: If any items are not available in your hometown you can buy them in Trekking Store in Kathmandu before you on trekking
After your breakfast, you will go on a short tour around the valley visiting the most historical and spiritual attractions. Some of these heritages are enlisted in World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. Pashupatinath is one of the largest temples for Lord Shiva which attracts domestic and foreign tourists from South Asia. The Swayambhunath is popular as Monkey Temple among fellow tourists and provides a wonderful view of the valley.
Bouddhanath is one of the largest stupas and depicts Tibetian culture. You can immerse yourself in the religious activities happening here. Past afternoon, you will have a pre-trip discussion with the trek leader and your fellow acquaintances.
Indeed Makalu base camp gets fewer visitors, than other mainstream and popular trekking region of Nepal Himalaya. Due to its remoteness and isolation from the rest of the world, far from villages after Tashi-Gaon. Where trekkers will lack good facilities of accommodation and food on the way to Makalu base camp. From Tashi-Gaon within the sheer wilderness, the trek is best with camping facilities, where lodges are very simple and basic. These are the few reasons that the trek Makalu gets fewer trekkers than other areas of Nepal.
Minimum age of 16 and onwards, and not older than 65 years, should be in good physical shape and in sound health to cope with high hills and altitude.
From the last village of Tashi-Gaon, there will be no electricity to charge your gadgets, where one needs to carry a portable solar panel that can fit outside your day pack, while you trek the sunlight can power your solar panel to use at the end of the day.
Depending upon the seriousness of the illness, if it’s a critical situation the client needs immediate evacuation for medical help, by any means of fast transportation. The fastest way in Nepal Himalaya and on Makalu Base Camp Trek is using a Helicopter Service. Our guide will inform the head office to arrange a Helicopter to evacuate the sick person. From the nearest spot where a helicopter can land and then fly to Kathmandu and admit to the best hospitals for further treatment.